Belgium, 20 Franc 1790-1865

6.4516 g., .900 GOLD, .1867 oz AGW.


This image is a courtesy of Marc Nollet of Brussels
Leopold I (of Belgium) (1790-1865), king of the Belgians (1831-65). The son of Francis Frederick, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Leopold was born in Coburg, Germany; he was originally named Georges Chrétien Frédéric. As a youth during the Napoleonic Wars, Leopold fought in the Russian army. In 1816 he married Princess Charlotte Augusta, daughter of Prince George, later King George IV of Great Britain. In 1830 Leopold refused the Greek throne but the following year was elected the first monarch of Belgium after that country was separated from the Netherlands. The first eight years of his reign were marked by differences with the Dutch that were settled in 1839 by a treaty reaffirming the neutrality of Belgium. The remainder of his reign was marked by peaceful development of the country. He was succeeded by Leopold II, a son by his second marriage in 1832 to Louise d'Orléans, daughter of Louis Philippe, king of France.

"Leopold I (of Belgium) ", Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 98 Encyclopedia.